libcopp

Cross-platform coroutine library in C++ .

Linux+OSX(Clang+GCC)

Windows(VC+MinGW)

Coveralls

Dev branch

Build & Unit Test

Travis build status

AppVeyor build status

Coveralls coverage

Coveralls coverage

Compilers

linux-gcc-4.8

MSVC 14(Visual Studio 2015)

linux-gcc-10

MSVC 15(Visual Studio 2017)

macos-apple-clang-9

MSVC 16(Visual Studio 2019)

macos-apple-clang-12

MinGW64-gcc

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Language grade: C/C++

LICENSE

License under the MIT LICENSE

Document

Documents can be found at https://libcopp.atframe.work , API references canbe found at https://libcopp.atframe.work/doxygen/html/ .(Generated by sphinx and doxygen with docs/sphinx and docs/libcopp.doxyfile.in).

UPGRADE FROM 1.2.X

  • Rename cotask::task::await into cotask::task::await_task

  • Replace cotask::task<TCO_MACRO, TTASK_MACRO> with cotask::task<TCO_MACRO> , we don’t allow to custom id allocator now.

  • Replace cotask::core::standard_int_id_allocator<uint64_t> with copp::util::uint64_id_allocator , we don’t allow to custom id allocator now.

  • Require gcc 4.7+, MSVC 14+(Visual Studio 2015)>)

  • Require cmake 3.12.0 or upper

INSTALL

libcopp use cmake to generate makefile and switch build tools.

Prerequisites

  • [required] GCC or Clang or MSVC or clang-cl support ISO C++ 11 and upper

  • [required] cmake 3.12.0 and upper

  • [optional] gtest 1.6.0 and upper (Better unit test supported)

  • [optional] Boost.Test (Boost.Test supported)

Unix

  • [required] ar, as, ld (binutils) or llvm

  • [optional] if using gtest , pthread is required.

Windows

  • [required] masm (in MSVC)

  • [optional] if using gtest, pthread is required.

Install with vcpkg

  1. Clone and setup vcpkg (See more detail on https://github.com/Microsoft/vcpkg)
    git clone https://github.com/Microsoft/vcpkg.git
    cd vcpkg
    PS> bootstrap-vcpkg.bootstrap
    Linux:~/$ ./bootstrap-vcpkg.sh
    
  2. Install libcopp
    PS> .\vcpkg install libcopp [--triplet x64-windows-static/x64-windows/x64-windows-static-md and etc...]
    Linux:~/$ ./vcpkg install libcopp
    
  3. See using with cmake for cmake below.

Custom Build

  1. Clone and make a build directory
    git clone --single-branch --depth=1 -b master https://github.com/owt5008137/libcopp.git
    mkdir libcopp/build && cd libcopp/build
    
  2. Run cmake command
    # cmake <libcopp dir> [options...]
    cmake .. -DPROJECT_ENABLE_UNITTEST=YES -DPROJECT_ENABLE_SAMPLE=YES
    
  3. Make libcopp
    cmake --build . --config RelWithDebInfo # or make [options] when using Makefile
    
  4. Run test/sample/benchmark [optional]
    # Run test => Required: PROJECT_ENABLE_UNITTEST=YES
    cmake --build . --config RelWithDebInfo --target run_test # or make run_test when using Makefile
    # Run sample => Required: PROJECT_ENABLE_SAMPLE=YES
    cmake --build . --config RelWithDebInfo --target run_sample # or make run_sample when using Makefile
    # Run benchmark => Required: PROJECT_ENABLE_SAMPLE=YES
    cmake --build . --config RelWithDebInfo --target benchmark # or make benchmark when using Makefile
    
  5. Install [optional]
    cmake --build . --config RelWithDebInfo --target install # or make install when using Makefile
    
  6. Then just include and link libcopp.*/libcotask.*, or see using with cmake for cmake below.

CMake Options

Options can be cmake options. such as set compile toolchains, source directory or options of libcopp that control build actions. libcopp options are listed below:

Option

Description

BUILD_SHARED_LIBS=YES|NO

[default=NO] Build dynamic library.

LIBCOPP_ENABLE_SEGMENTED_STACKS=YES|NO

[default=NO] Enable split stack supported context.(it’s only availabe in linux and gcc 4.7.0 or upper)

LIBCOPP_ENABLE_VALGRIND=YES|NO

[default=YES] Enable valgrind supported context.

PROJECT_ENABLE_UNITTEST=YES|NO

[default=NO] Build unit test.

PROJECT_ENABLE_SAMPLE=YES|NO

[default=NO] Build samples.

PROJECT_DISABLE_MT=YES|NO

[default=NO] Disable multi-thread support.

LIBCOTASK_ENABLE=YES|NO

[default=YES] Enable build libcotask.

LIBCOPP_FCONTEXT_USE_TSX=YES|NO

[default=YES] Enable Intel Transactional Synchronisation Extensions (TSX).

GTEST_ROOT=[path]

set gtest library install prefix path

BOOST_ROOT=[path]

set Boost.Test library install prefix path

USAGE

Using with cmake

  1. Using set(Libcopp_ROOT <where to find libcopp/INSTALL_PREFIX>)

  2. Just using find_package(Libcopp) to use libcopp module.

  3. Example:(we assume the target name is stored in ${CUSTOM_TARGET_NAME})

find_package(Libcopp CONFIG REQUIRED)
target_link_libraries(${CUSTOM_TARGET_NAME} libcopp::cotask)
# Or just using copp by target_link_libraries(${CUSTOM_TARGET_NAME} libcopp::copp)

If using MSVC and vcpkg, CRT must match the triplet of vcpkg, these codes below may be helpful:

if (MSVC AND VCPKG_TOOLCHAIN)
    string(REGEX MATCH "^.*windows-static$" CHECK_VCPKG_TARGET_TRIPLET_RUNTIME ${VCPKG_TARGET_TRIPLET})
    message(STATUS "CHECK_VCPKG_TARGET_TRIPLET_RUNTIME=${CHECK_VCPKG_TARGET_TRIPLET_RUNTIME}")
    if(DEFINED ENV{VCPKG_DEFAULT_TRIPLET} AND NOT DEFINED VCPKG_TARGET_TRIPLET)
        set(VCPKG_TARGET_TRIPLET "$ENV{VCPKG_DEFAULT_TRIPLET}" CACHE STRING "")
    endif()
    if (CHECK_VCPKG_TARGET_TRIPLET_RUNTIME)
        set(CMAKE_MSVC_RUNTIME_LIBRARY "MultiThreaded$<$<CONFIG:Debug>:Debug>" CACHE STRING "")
    else ()
        set(CMAKE_MSVC_RUNTIME_LIBRARY "MultiThreaded$<$<CONFIG:Debug>:Debug>DLL" CACHE STRING "")
    endif ()
endif ()

See more detail on https://github.com/Microsoft/vcpkg/tree/master/ports/libcopp .

Directly use headers and libraries

Just include headers and linking library file of your platform to use libcopp.

LIBCOPP_PREFIX=<WHERE TO INSTALL libcopp>

# Example command for build sample with gcc 4.9 or upper on Linux
for source in sample_readme_*.cpp; do
    g++ -std=c++14 -O2 -g -ggdb -Wall -Werror -fPIC -rdynamic -fdiagnostics-color=auto -Wno-unused-local-typedefs \
        -I$LIBCOPP_PREFIX/include -L$LIBCOPP_PREFIX/lib64 -lcopp -lcotask $source -o $source.exe;
done

# Example command for build sample with clang 3.9 or upper and libc++ on Linux
for source in sample_readme_*.cpp; do
    clang++ -std=c++17 -stdlib=libc++ -O2 -g -ggdb -Wall -Werror -fPIC -rdynamic        \
        -I$LIBCOPP_PREFIX/include -L$LIBCOPP_PREFIX/lib64 -lcopp -lcotask -lc++ -lc++abi  \
        $source -o $source.exe;
done

# AppleClang on macOS just like those scripts upper.
# If you are using MinGW on Windows, it's better to add -static-libstdc++ -static-libgcc to
#     use static linking and other scripts are just like those on Linux.
# Example command for build sample with MSVC 1914 or upper on Windows & powershell(Debug Mode /MDd)
foreach ($source in Get-ChildItem -File -Name .\sample_readme_*.cpp) {
    cl /nologo /MP /W4 /wd"4100" /wd"4125" /EHsc /std:c++17 /Zc:__cplusplus /O2 /MDd /I$LIBCOPP_PREFIX/include $LIBCOPP_PREFIX/lib64/copp.lib $LIBCOPP_PREFIX/lib64/cotask.lib $source
}

Get Start & Example

There serveral samples to use copp::coroutine_contextcopp::coroutine_context_fiber and cotask::task :

  1. Using coroutine context

  2. Using coroutine task

  3. Using coroutine task manager

  4. Using stack pool

  5. Using task::then or task::await_task

  6. Using copp::future::future_t and prepare for c++20 coroutine

  7. Using c++20 coroutine

  8. Using c++20 coroutine with custom generator

  9. Custom error (timeout for example) when polling c++20 coroutine task or generator

  10. Let c++20 coroutine work with cotask::task

  11. Using Windows fiber and SetUnhandledExceptionFilter on Windows with cotask::task

All sample codes can be found on EXAMPLES and sample .

NOTICE

Split stack support: if in Linux and user gcc 4.7.0 or upper, add -DLIBCOPP_ENABLE_SEGMENTED_STACKS=YES to use split stack supported context.

It’s recommanded to use stack pool instead of gcc splited stack.

BENCHMARK

Please see CI output for latest benchmark report. Click to visit benchmark on Linux and macOS and benchmark on Windows . benchmark on Linux,macOS and Windows of dev branch can be found on Github Actions .

FAQ

Q: How to enable c++20 coroutine

ANS: Add /std:c++latest /await for MSVC or -std=c++20 -fcoroutines-ts -stdlib=libc++ for clang or -std=c++20 -fcoroutines for gcc.

Q: Will libcopp handle exception?

ANS: When using c++11 or above, libcopp will catch all unhandled exception and rethrow it after coroutine resumed.

Q: Why SetUnhandledExceptionFilter can not catch the unhandled exception in a coroutine?

ANS: SetUnhandledExceptionFilter only works with Windows Fiber, please see sample/sample_readme_11.cpp for details.

FEEDBACK

If you has any question, please create a issue and provide the information of your environments. For example:

  • OS: Windows 10 Pro 19041 (This can be see after running ``msinfo32``) / Manjaro(Arch) Linux Linux 5.4.39-1-MANJARO

  • Compiler: Visual Studio 2019 C++ 16.5.5 with VS 2019 C++ v14.25 or MSVC 1925/ gcc 9.3.0

  • CMake Commands: cmake .. -G "Visual Studio 16 2019" -A x64 -DLIBCOPP_FCONTEXT_USE_TSX=ON -DPROJECT_ENABLE_UNITTEST=ON -DPROJECT_ENABLE_SAMPLE=ON-DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=RelWithDebInfo -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=%cd%/install-prefix / cmake .. -G Ninja -DLIBCOPP_FCONTEXT_USE_TSX=ON -DPROJECT_ENABLE_UNITTEST=ON -DPROJECT_ENABLE_SAMPLE=ON -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=RelWithDebInfo -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/opt/libcopp

  • Compile Commands: cmake --build . -j

  • Related Environment Variables: Please provide all the environment variables which will change the cmake toolchain, CCCXXAR and etc.

CONSTRIBUTORS

THANKS TO